Sunday, 30 April 2017
April 29, 2017, 7:42 pm
April 29, 2017, 7:42 pm
After being accorded human status recently, river Ganga received its first legal notice from the Uttarakhand High Court today asking it to explain why its land was given for construction of a trenching ground.
The notice was issued by a division bench of the high court comprising Justice VK Bisht and Justice Alok Singh on a public interest litigation (PIL) filed by a Rishikesh resident Swaroop Singh Pundir.
The PIL said a trenching ground is being constructed in village Khadri Khadag close to the banks of the holy river in gross violation of law.
Pundir claimed that the gram panchayat concerned allotted the land to the local civic body without consulting the villagers several years ago.
Issuing a notice to Ganga, the Union government, central pollution control board, state pollution control board and the Rishikesh municipality, the court directed the respondents to file a reply before May 8 when the matter is slated for next hearing.
Officials made custodians of the Ganga when it was granted human status by the high court, including the chief secretary, the advocate general and the director of Namami Gange project, will respond to the legal notice on behalf of the river.
The Uttarakhand High Court had earlier this year accorded the status of "living human entities" to the Ganga and Yamuna rivers to help in their "preservation and conservation".
Bestowing human status on the sacred but highly polluted rivers would, according to the court's order, amount to harming a human being.
Thursday, 20 April 2017
Tuesday, 18 April 2017
Recent Climate Services Articles
Recently published articles from Climate Services
The IMPACT2C web-atlas – Conception, organization and aim of a web-based climate service productSwantje Preuschmann | Andreas Hänsler | Lola Kotova | Nikolaus Dürk | Wolfgang Eibner | Carina Waidhofer | Christoph Haselberger | Daniela Jacob
Available online 12 April 2017
The IMPACT2C web-atlas is a web-based climate service product, which presents interdisciplinary project results in a harmonized format. The web-platform www.atlas.impact2c.eu is targeted at a wide audience...
Impacts of 2°C global warming on primary production and soil carbon storage capacity at pan-European levelAbdulla Sakalli | Alessandro Cescatti | Alessandro Dosio | Mehmet Ugur Gücel
Available online 12 April 2017
Atmospheric CO2 has been dramatically increasing since beginning of the industrial time (i.e. 1860), being one of the main driver for climate change at regional and global level. The change in CO2 concentration...
Future projections of extreme precipitation intensity-duration-frequency curves for climate adaptation planning in New York StateArthur T. DeGaetano | Christopher M. Castellano
Available online 31 March 2017
A set of future extreme precipitation probabilities are developed for New York State based on different downscaling approaches and climate model projections. Based on nearly 50 downscaling method-climate...
Climate science information needs among natural resource decision-makers in the Northwest USElizabeth Allen | Jennie Stephens | Georgine Yorgey | Chad Kruger | Sonya Ahamed | Jennifer Adam
Available online 31 March 2017
Managing water resources, air quality, forests, rangelands and agricultural systems in the context of climate change requires a new level of integrated knowledge. In order to articulate a role for university-based...
From science to practices – lessons learned from the TaiCCAT research programmePeiwen Lu | Yang Ting Shen | Gin-Rong Liu | Tang-Huang Lin
Available online 25 March 2017
Improving user engagement and uptake of climate services in ChinaNicola Golding | Chris Hewitt | Peiqun Zhang | Philip Bett | Xiaoyi Fang | Hengzhi Hu | Sebastien Nobert
Available online 24 March 2017
The needs of decision makers in China are being used to develop climate science and climate services through the Climate Science for Services Partnership. Focusing on examples of work for the energy...
Heat waves analysis over France in present and future climate: Application of a new method on the EURO-CORDEX ensembleG. Ouzeau | J.-M. Soubeyroux | M. Schneider | R. Vautard | S. Planton
Currently, the analysis of heat waves and the representation of such events in a comprehensible and accessible way is a crucial challenge for climate services, in particular for delivering scientific...
The method of producing climate change datasets impacts the resulting policy guidance and chance of mal-adaptationMarie Ekström | Michael Grose | Craig Heady | Sean Turner | Jin Teng
Impact, adaptation and vulnerability (IAV) research underpin strategies for adaptation to climate change and help to conceptualise what life may look like in decades to come. Research draws on information...
CLIMANDES is a pilot twinning project between the National Weather Services of Peru and Switzerland (SENAMHI and MeteoSwiss), developed within the Global Framework for Climate Services of the World...
Why climate change adaptation in cities needs customised and flexible climate servicesJörg Cortekar | Steffen Bender | Miriam Brune | Markus Groth
Cities are key players in climate change adaptation and mitigation due to a spatial concentration of assets, people and economic activities. They are thus contributing to and especially vulnerable to...
“Push” dynamics in policy experimentation: Downscaling climate change adaptation programs in CanadaAdam Wellstead | Michael Howlett | Sreeja Nair | Jeremy Rayner
Policy experiments have often been touted as valuable mechanisms for ensuring sustainability transitions and climate change adaptation. However problems exist both in the definition of ‘experiments’,...
Climate services involve the timely production, translation, and delivery of useful climate data, information, and knowledge for societal decision-making. They rely on a range of expertise and are underpinned...
Towards an assessment of adaptive capacity of the European agricultural sector to droughtsKeith Williges | Reinhard Mechler | Paul Bowyer | Juraj Balkovic
Available online 17 November 2016
Analyses of climate change vulnerability and risk have been steadily evolving, and have moved from an impact-focused towards a more risk-based approach. In the risk and vulnerability communities, the...
Climate and weather service provision: Economic appraisal of adaptation to health impactsAlistair Hunt | Julia Ferguson | Michela Baccini | Paul Watkiss | Vladimir Kendrovski
Available online 4 November 2016
This paper seeks to demonstrate that the value of climate projection information can be used to derive quantitative estimates of both the costs and benefits of information-based measures introduced...
Impacts on river systems under 2°C warming: Bangladesh Case StudyA.M. Zaman | M.K. Molla | I.A. Pervin | S.M. Mahbubur Rahman | A.S. Haider | F. Ludwig | W. Franssen
Available online 31 October 2016
Bangladesh is particularly vulnerable due to the combined impacts of sea level rise, rainfall and runoff variability, and changes in cyclone patterns. This paper presents the application of an integrated...
This paper describes the history of national climate change projections for Australia since 1987, with a focus on the series of statements in 1992, 1996, 2001, 2007 and 2015. These were prepared by...
Co-producing actionable science for water utilitiesJason Vogel | Elizabeth McNie | David Behar
This article explores the efforts of four water utilities to co-produce actionable science by forging partnerships with scientific institutions to explore integrating climate considerations into their...
Production and use of regional climate model projections – A Swedish perspective on building climate servicesErik Kjellström | Lars Bärring | Grigory Nikulin | Carin Nilsson | Gunn Persson | Gustav Strandberg
We describe the process of building a climate service centred on regional climate model results from the Rossby Centre regional climate model RCA4. The climate service has as its central facility a...
The Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS)
Heat index trends and climate change implications for occupational heat exposure in Da Nang, VietnamSarah Opitz-Stapleton | Lea Sabbag | Kate Hawley | Phong Tran | Lan Hoang | Phuong Hoang Nguyen
Occupational extreme heat exposure can lead to a number of detrimental heat-health impacts on workers. Excessive night-time temperatures following hot days do not allow for workers to recover and can...
The effect of the pathway to a two degrees warmer world on the regional temperature change of EuropeCathrine Fox Maule | Thomas Mendlik | Ole B. Christensen
Available online 10 August 2016
The purpose of this study is to investigate if the pathway to reach a 2 degree warmer world influences the regional climate in Europe at the time of 2 degrees of global warming above the pre-industrial...
Impacts of +2°C global warming on winter tourism demand in EuropeAndrea Damm | Wouter Greuell | Oskar Landgren | Franz Prettenthaler
Available online 25 July 2016
Increasing temperatures and snow scarce winter seasons challenge the winter tourism industry. In this study the impacts of +2°C global warming on winter tourism demand in Europe’s ski tourism related...
Impacts of +2°C global warming on electricity demand in EuropeAndrea Damm | Judith Köberl | Franz Prettenthaler | Nikola Rogler | Christoph Töglhofer
Available online 20 July 2016
The electricity sector is not only a substantial source of carbon emissions, but also vulnerable to climate change, both due to the growing share of renewables and due to temperature related changes...
A multi-model climate response over tropical Africa at +2°CMichel Déqué | Sandro Calmanti | Ole Bøssing Christensen | Alessandro Dell Aquila | Cathrine Fox Maule | Andreas Haensler | Grigory Nikulin | Claas Teichmann
Available online 18 June 2016
The impact of a +2°C global warming on temperature and precipitation over tropical Africa is examined, based on an ensemble of 12 regional climate model scenario simulations. These 12 scenarios are...
The European Commission established an ad hoc Expert Group to develop a framework for action towards growing a strong and flourishing climate service sector across Europe. The growth of this sector...
The EU Roadmap on climate services can be seen as a result of a convergence between the society's call for “actionable research”, and the ability of the climate research community to provide tailored...
How representative is the spread of climate projections from the 5 CMIP5 GCMs used in ISI-MIP?Carol F. McSweeney | Richard G. Jones
In many studies that use data from Coupled Model Inter-comparisons Project Five (CMIP5) the large number of models included prohibits the use of data from all models. Studies based on small subsets...
From principles to action: Applying the National Research Council's principles for effective decision support to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's watch officeAlison M. Meadow | Zack Guido | Michael A. Crimmins | Jonathan McLeod
The National Research Council (NRC) proposed six principles for effective decision support in its 2009 report Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate. We structured a collaborative project between...
Tourism is highly dependent on the climatic conditions of a given destination. This study examines the impact of two degrees global warming on European summer tourism from a climate comfort perspective....
Consistent economic cross-sectoral climate change impact scenario analysis: Method and application to AustriaKarl W. Steininger | Birgit Bednar-Friedl | Herbert Formayer | Martin König
Climate change triggers manifold impacts at the national to local level, which in turn have various economy-wide implications (e.g. on welfare, employment, or tax revenues). In its response, society...
Monday, 17 April 2017
[Clarification to the text I posted this morning, below; now having access to the Ministry of Home Affair's report on this, here is what it says:
"The Maoists tried to strengthen coordination between its mass organizations and other like-minded organizations to undertake programmes against alleged state violence and for protection of democratic rights. In 2016, the issue of displacement of local communities remained the main plank of mobilization by the mass organisations. In Niyamgiri Hills area (Districts Rayagada and Kalahandi, Odisha), the outfit continued to guide the activities of the Niyamgiri Suraksha Samiti."
The Hindu's report was somewhat misleading, since the Ministry does not say that NSS is itself Maoist. Nevertheless, in making such an allegation the Ministry is clearly linking NSS with Maoists, and thereby opening up the possibility of strong action against it ... the matter therefore remains serious].
According to the following news item, the central government has branded Niyamgiri Suraksha Samiti, NSS (and another Jharkhand movement group) as 'Maoist':
If correctly reported, this is utterly shameful, and a mockery of the duty of the government to uphold adivasi rights. The NSS has been at the forefront of the valiant struggle of the Dongria Kondh, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (with special Constitutional and legal protection guarantees), against proposed mining in their hills by UK-based Vedanta corporation. Thus far they have been successful, having taken their fight all the way from their Odisha habitat to London, with the help of civil society, and gaining the mandate to say 'no' under a Supreme Court order that upheld their cultural and livelihood rights. Yet despite unanimous resolutions by gram sabhas against the mining, the state government has repeatedly tried to re-open the area for mining. Armed police have remained in the area, frequently terrorising the adivasis, illegally and without proper procedure detaining their youth and leaders.
It is a fact that the CPM's local unit has helped the movement, and it is also rumoured that so-called 'Maoists' are roaming in the area. Whatever the truth of the latter, it is a far cry from this to labelling the Dongria Kondh and their movement, led by the NSS, as Maoist (and thereby giving the impression that they are terrorists, anti-state, etc).
This government may as well change the constitution, to provide fundamental rights to corporations, replacing those that adivasis and other people of India are supposed to have.
For more on the struggle, pl. see:
The Niyamgiri Story: Challenging the idea of growth without limits (detailed case study)
Revisiting the Legend of Niyamgiri
The Niyamgiri Story: From resistance to hope for a better future
Taken from blog:
Centre links two NGOs to Maoists
Ministry report names groups opposed to mining and sale of tribal land
Drought Special Issue MAY 2016: 1-15 fo rtnightly GREEN FEATURES ...
After demonetisation, govt must prepare to fight challenge of digital black economy source: http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/w...